Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts rarely poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What often causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning, particularly amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water.[14] This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine.[15] Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft.
We contacted Best Plumbing Service of Cincinnati to have the sump pump and the outlet pipes checked as our basement flooded recently and we were not sure whether the sump pump malfunctioned or the outlet pipe was blocked. Both plumbers did a fantastic job looking over the system, diagnosing, and fixing the problem. They were extremely honest, courteous , and professional. We are very pleased with their outstanding service and would very highly recommend Best Plumbing Service of Cincinnati. M Effat
Seriously, I've done a lot of plumbing repairs, from installing sinks and fixtures, toilet replacement and repair, caulking and recaulking to replacing a garbage disposal. Probably the most frustrating thing I've encountered was needing a specialty tool for one repair; for me it was a basin wrench. Some hardware stores will loan tools, so it's worth it to find that out ahead of time.
Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently. In addition, most employers require plumbers to have a driver’s license.
Plumbers install and repair water, drainage, gas, and other piping systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Plumbers install plumbing fixtures such as bathtubs and toilets, and appliances, such as dishwashers and water heaters. Plumbers also maintain septic systems—the large, underground holding tanks that collect waste from houses that are not connected to a sewer system.
The term “rooter service” comes from the problem this service is meant to address: tree root invasions blocking sewer or plumbing lines. While the original design for the rooter machine is no longer used, its conception has led to several effective drain-cleaning tools and techniques still in use today. Modern rooter service is now a generic term that refers to any method of drain cleaning or pipe repair your Vero Beach plumbing service may use to address stubborn sewer line and drainpipe clogs that affect the function of your plumbing.
Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
Gilberto from Elek Plumbing was 'the big three': he was on time, he was highly professional, and he really knows his stuff. He told me what he was doing and why every step of the way, and the biggest treat for me was that he encouraged my curiosity and didn't mind all my questions about how things worked. When issues with plumbing arise in the future, I certainly hope Elek sends Gil to answer my call. Both he and the scheduler were very clear about what I should expect in terms of the work and the cost and I thank them both!read more
An apprenticeship is the most common pathway to becoming a plumber. Many unions and businesses mandate that an apprentice receive a minimum of 246 hours of technical education, which could include instruction in math, applied physics and chemistry, and up to 2,000 hours of paid, practical training working with an experienced plumber. Safety training is also an important component of the process, since injuries are common in this line of work. "We have many hours worth of [Occupational Safety and Health Administration] training before we go on to a job site," says Patrick Kellett, the administrative assistant to the general president for the United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing, Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada and Australia. "We're very conscious of the dangers that come with working in construction."
If you’re looking for a plumber in Des Moines, then you need to make sure that you receive quality customer service at all times. This means courteousness and a friendly demeanor, it means arriving on time and leaving no mess behind. It should not matter whether you’re having a routine check–up on your water heater or a comprehensive whole–house repiping, you and your home should always be treated with respect. In addition to a great reputation for customer service, you may also want to make sure that your plumber backs up his work with a solid satisfaction guarantee. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, we offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee as well as upfront pricing so that we can go over exactly what you’ll be paying before we even get started.
Rooter service is designed to solve the commonplace problems of slow and clogged drains. Clogs and blockages can affect your plumbing in many ways, depending on the type of clog and where it is located. A clog inside one of your home’s drains will typically only affect the appliance or fixture nearest its location; these clogs are often comprised of organic debris such as food scraps, hair, and soap scum. Alternatively, a larger clog blocking your home’s sewer line may show different symptoms, such as widespread drainage issues in several areas of your home or minor backups in tubs and showers when a toilet is flushed or your washing machine runs. In severe cases, you may experience wastewater backups that flood your home, causing damage and exposing family members to untreated sewage. Sewer clogs can also be due to debris buildup or non-flushable items in the pipes, or may instead be caused by tree roots invading and growing into your sewer line in search of water, forming a living, growing clog that cannot be removed without the help of your professional rooter service.
Pipefitters, sometimes simply called fitters, install and maintain pipes that carry chemicals, acids, and gases. These pipes are used mostly in manufacturing, commercial, and industrial settings. Fitters install and repair pipe systems in power plants, as well as heating and cooling systems in large office buildings. Some pipefitters specialize as gasfitters, sprinklerfitters, or steamfitters.
David and his associate were very professional and I must say very tolerant of my many questions, even when they didn't pertain to plumbing. I thought I would be getting an estimate when in fact I got quality service and a functional bathroom. The credit has to go to the technicians and my neighbor Jose who recommended Elek. Shop around if you need to, but for my hard earned I'd recommend Elek anytime.read more
Welcome. SG1 Plumber offers fast and affordable plumbing services in Singapore. Our plumbers are equipped with the tools and skills to provide quality plumbing services. Besides offering the plumbing services, we also provide roof leaking repair, waterproofing services and kitchen sink repair & installation. We have all undergone training and education to get their license to work as a master plumber in Singapore. Anyone can schedule an appointment with our team of plumbers right away.
Excellent service! I saw a water leaking out, called the plumber, fixed the damage on the pipes, charged me a fair rate for the job they did, and there are no more leaks. The plumber was efficient and clean during and after doing his job which I totally didn't expect. In case my relatives or friends asked for a plumber, SG1Plumber.com will get my vote! Thanks!

We focus on providing the best client experience possible by doing what’s in your best interest. We hope that you will be impressed with our team and refer us to your family, friends and neighbors when they are in need of plumbing services. We will appreciate the opportunity to earn their trust, and we will send you CAIRfree Rewards as well as provide a discount to the person you refer.


When something goes wrong with your plumbing system, speed is essential. The faster you address the problem, the better off you and your wallet will be. Water can quickly cause thousands of dollars in damage. Leaks can soak floors, ceilings and foundations, causing rot and mold that may make your home uninhabitable. Get a direct quote from a professional plumber.  Continue Reading
"We had both our AC units serviced by John from One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning. He was thorough and professional. We are very satisfied with everything we've had done with One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning and will continue to use them exclusively in the future. Their technicians are always professional, courteous and do a great job. We recommend One Hour to everyone." - Read More Reviews
If you own a home and your plumbing toolkit consists of a lone plunger, chances are sooner than later you’ll need to tap into the knowledge or advice from someone versed in common plumbing repairs. Ace can help you in a pinch. While a plunger can be handy in several different scenarios, Ace Hardware has the plumbing tools, plumbing supplies and knowledgeable plumbing advice on hand to face a plumbing problem head on.
Need a plumber to add to your network? There is one name in Evansville you can count on for 24/7 emergency help: Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service! Enjoy fast turnarounds, top notch workmanship, and competitive pricing. Everything we do is transparent so there are never any surprises. Call us today at (812) 618-9638 to discuss your plumbing needs and be on your way to better indoor comfort in no time!

You can hire Electrician Chandler for devices of any types. For these devices, Chandler Electrician offer all 3 services: Installing, maintenance, and repairing. You can call us for any of these jobs. With our services, you will never get a chance to complain. Electrician Chandler AZ maintenance services are available for all types of heavy machines. For corporate buildings, we also offer part-time technicians. We know that faults are common in large buildings. You need a technician for constant look-out. With our Electrician Chandler AZ company, you can get such a technician at the right prices. You can hire Chandler Electrician experts for:
Your plumbing system is a complex and intricate network of pressurized and unpressurized pipes, valves, fixtures, basins, drains, and vents, not to mention appliances such as the water heater or fixtures such as the toilet and kitchen sink. One problem at one section of your home can often affect the entire system, and leaks and clogs can be especially difficult to locate, much less repair. In short, you need a professional plumber who can ensure that your entire system is in good shape. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, we have the technical aptitude and experience to service your plumbing system. Give us a call today to find out more about what we can do for your home. Our plumbing company is proud to serve Des Moines, Ankeny, Altoona, Urbandale and beyond. 
Kiasuplumber, one of the leading plumbing services in Singapore, is a fully licensed, insured and bonded entity that you can trust for meeting all your plumbing needs. Established since 1998, we had fostered a team of skillful and well manner HDB plumber, readily available 24 hours to serve every household’s plumbing problem. All our plumber are PUB licensed & well trained with industry experienced to get you out of emergency plumbing problems in the most efficient way. We pride ourselves as an efficient team that is capable of working under pressure on complicated plumbing jobs.
If you decide to try this job yourself, be prepared to keep meticulous track of about a dozen tiny parts (put the stopper in the sink so none of them fall down the drain). There are many different faucet designs, so you may not be able to tell what to replace until you've done the disassembly. Whether you do it yourself or hire a plumber, this would be a good time to think about whether you want to upgrade the faucet with a new design.
I had another lady who said she wanted to run to the grocery store to get some coffee to make for me and my guys while we were installing her new kitchen. She said she was just gonna run to the store and asked if we wouldn’t mind keeping an eye out for her one-year-old daughter who was sleeping at the time. We said fine, but she ended up not returning until four hours later. The kid was screaming her head off and we didn’t know what to do. We tried holding her. We didn’t know if she was hungry or what to feed her. She just kept crying.
Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved.
Sureflow Rooter Service is a complete commercial and residential drain service company located in Rhode Island. We are fully licensed, bonded and insured. Our many years of experience in the drain cleaning industry means that you can be confident of getting quality, professional drain service work. All of our work is charged on a flat rate basis so there are no surprise fees once the job is complete! Sureflow Rooter Service cares about our clients and their satisfaction. We always strive to provide the highest quality drain service and employ only the best professionals. Our staff is well trained, experienced and highly qualified so you get excellent drain service and value. With our years of experience as master drain cleaners, we are able to quickly resolve any issues you may have, whether residential or commercial. You satisfaction is guaranteed. We stand behind our work 100% with full warranties.
To work independently, a plumber is required to receive a license. In most states, the prerequisite for earning this license is two to five years of practical experience. There's also an exam to test technical know-how and understanding of plumbing codes. The United Association's website offers extensive information on licensing requirements by state.

Average Americans work well into their 60s, so workers might as well have a job that’s enjoyable and a career that's fulfilling. A job with a low stress level, good work-life balance and solid prospects to improve, get promoted and earn a higher salary would make many employees happy. Here's how Plumbers job satisfaction is rated in terms of upward mobility, stress level and flexibility.
At Oscar's Plumbing & Rooter Service, we deliver speedy and reliable plumbing services at reasonable rates. We handle a variety of jobs, from garbage disposals to water mains and water heaters. It’s important to have the job done right the first time! Expert installation the first time can result in fewer repairs and money saved over time. Call Oscar's Plumbing & Rooter Service – we do the job right, and we get there right away!
I think it is rather rude and a bit dishonest for people to not divulge their total fees upfront, an of course we should know to ask. But the normal person wouldn't know the questions to ask until they are burnt once like this, and then there still could be costs for walking up stairs or charge another service call if they need to go somewhere to use the bathroom and come back. THAT ISN'T A QUESTION I WOULD THINK TO ASK.
Apache Junction Ac Repair experts are well aware of the issues an AC faces. It is a heavy machine. This is why it requires regular maintenance. If you want the best performance, you need to take regular care. Issue and faults with ACs are common. It is also reasonable considering that they are on almost the entire day. When an issue comes up, you need a permanent solution. A permanent solution is only known by an expert AC repairer. While finding such a repairer is an uphill task, you have come to the right place – Apache Junction Ac Repair.
Keep in mind that a slow drain could be an issue with a plumbing vent, which regulates the air pressure in the pipes. Plumbing vent issues should be handled by a plumber, but if you have debris caught in your drain pipes, then you should be able to fix it with a sink plunger or snaking the drain with a cable auger. You can find these at any hardware store.

Needed to replace a water pressure regulator.  Looking at the retail costs of the regulator, they seem to run from abouit $60 to over $300 for one that includes more that the basic control of water pressure in the house.  Had not used a pro plumber for over 20 years so I was not up on the costs associated with needing their help.  I was contacted by at least 3 plumbers but only one, Right Now Plumbers, gave me an instant quote of $394  for the service without me even asking. Although I thought this price seemed a little high for a job that takes less than an hour to complete, I accepted their service.  Must say that the job was done very professionally and would use them again if needed.  However,


When something goes wrong with your plumbing system, speed is essential. The faster you address the problem, the better off you and your wallet will be. Water can quickly cause thousands of dollars in damage. Leaks can soak floors, ceilings and foundations, causing rot and mold that may make your home uninhabitable. Get a direct quote from a professional plumber.  Continue Reading
When you book an affordable plumber, whether it's to fix a broken boiler or to unclog a drain, you want to know they're skilled enough for the task at hand. Nothing is worse than sending an amateur with a wrench to look at your pipes. Odds are, there will be more damage than when they started. All plumbers on the Handy platform are vetted, verified, and background checked way before they arrive at your home, so you can be sure that they're the right person for the job. 

In Ireland, a 4-year apprenticeship plus qualification exam was necessary for someone to practice professionally. Accreditation of businesses are of great help in order to show their credibility and experience in the job. Providing emergency call out service was one of advantage of a plumbing business in the area offering 24/7 service, anytime, anywhere.


As first time homeowners to a 1950s home, we began to experience issues with our water drains (lucky us). We had bubbles of water coming out of our toilets after literally two minutes of taking a shower... if we continued to shower, it would back up and our tub would flood up with dirty water!  We tolerated this for a good two months and decided we really needed to get this fixed because the smell from the back up was becoming intolerable!
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[21] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[21]

Not only plumbers, but good electricians are tough to locate. Finding the ideal workmen for your appliances is harder than ever. The Apache Junction is full of people who claim to be experts. However, getting a fix for your appliances by them is never viable. They provide lousy services. They also charge too much money. Paying such high amount is not sensible if services are poor. The customer can be in confusion in such cases. With Apache Junction Electrician at your doorstep, you can drop the confusion. We provide the best job for all types of appliances.


Exceptional plumbing services for Boise, Meridian, and Nampa Idaho. Our company philosophy is simple, to provide exceptional service, get the job done right the first time and on time. With three plumbing company locations across the valley, we have crews standing by. Drain cleaning, faucet repair and replacement, hydro-jetting, pipe repair, and septic pumping services.
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